WHAT IS HIPEC SURGERY, WHY IS IT RECOMMENDED? – Dr. Sandeep Nayak

Have you ever been recognized with most cancers associated to an organ within the stomach cavity and is quickly spreading? Your oncologist is prone to counsel HIPEC surgical procedure.

Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure is also called HIPEC or Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal and Chemotherapy. It’s a kind of most cancers surgical procedure that includes heating the peritoneum (stomach lining) to a excessive temperature and injecting completely different chemical compounds into the stomach.

Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure is a sophisticated approach by which heated chemotherapy medicine are injected straight into the affected person’s stomach cavity, whereas maintaining it at an artificially excessive temperature by thermal remedy. The heated chemotherapy kills the most cancers cells, but additionally triggers an acute stress response within the affected person’s physique. In consequence, the affected person’s immune system is activated and additional reduces the chance of recurrence for as much as three years after surgical procedure.

This process has been permitted by the FDA in January 2019 .

This course of can kill cancerous cells, forestall them from rising again, and alleviate signs.

On this article Dr. Sandeep Nayak, the Founding father of MACS for Most cancers – a middle that gives the perfect most cancers remedy in Bangalore, explains all the pieces you might want to find out about Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure, why it’s endorsed?

Learn on to know extra about Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure and its advantages.

HIPEC stands for hyperthermia intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Because the title suggests, the process includes heating the peritoneum (the liner of the stomach cavity) to a excessive temperature, to 41-43 levels Celsius and chemotherapy medicine are injected into the stomach cavity, thus enabling the medicine to kill extra most cancers cells.

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As well as, the excessive temperature additionally kills some micro organism contained in the stomach that trigger infections. This process is utilized in sufferers with sure forms of stomach cancers and is run as an possibility in sufferers with peritoneal carcinomatosis (an irregular unfold of most cancers cells within the stomach cavity) The chemical compounds journey to all elements of the stomach and kill the most cancers cells contained in the stomach cavity.

To know the process, you may as well consider it as “heating up” the stomach cavity to kill the most cancers cells with out affecting the remainder of the physique. The peritoneum, or the stomach lining, is saved heat to forestall it from cooling down. For the reason that peritoneum is an organ that’s near the stomach wall, it may be heated simply.

Why is Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure beneficial?

Dr. Sandeep Nayak suggests this surgical procedure to deal with advanced-stage stomach tumors together with abdomen most cancers, appendix most cancers, colorectal most cancers, main peritoneal most cancers, peritoneal mesothelioma, and ovarian most cancers.

He’s an eminent oncologist who may be trusted to present the perfect most cancers remedy in Bangalore and likewise runs Samrohana – an initiative to assist the underprivileged to deal with most cancers.

Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure is beneficial as a final resort when there isn’t any different remedy out there. The primary cause behind recommending this surgical procedure is that it destroys most cancers cells and prevents them from rising again, thereby permitting the affected person to dwell an extended life. Additionally, it may assist to scale back the signs of pancreatic most cancers, resembling ache, jaundice, and bowel obstruction.

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How is Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy carried out?

The affected person is first put below normal anesthesia, and an incision is made within the stomach. On this process, the affected person’s stomach is warmed to about 40 levels Celsius to open the peritoneum (the liner of the stomach cavity) after which chemotherapy medicine are injected. The peritoneum is then sewn as much as forestall the medicine from leaking into different areas of the physique.

This process may be carried out together with different forms of most cancers surgical procedure, resembling liver, colorectal, or pancreatic surgical procedure. It’s carried out after the affected person’s surgical procedure to kill any most cancers cells that will have been left behind.

The length of the surgical procedure depends upon the extent of the most cancers, the variety of organs affected, and the affected person’s total well being. The surgical procedure can final from just a few hours to some days, relying on the extent of the most cancers.

Advantages of Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure

Some great benefits of Hyperthermia Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy Surgical procedure are as follows:

  • Elevated probabilities of survival from most cancers
  • A lowered danger of recurrence of most cancers
  • It destroys all most cancers cells contained in the stomach cavity.
  • It prevents most cancers cells from spreading to different organs.
  • It inhibits the expansion of latest blood vessels that feed most cancers cells.
  • It reduces the ache related to most cancers.
  • It permits the affected person’s organs to perform usually.
  • Improved high quality of life and lowered ache
  • Decreased danger of an infection
  • Much less likelihood of needing blood transfusions
  • Potential for much less scarring
  • Earlier return to regular actions
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Precautions earlier than and after surgical procedure

The affected person ought to observe these precautions earlier than and after surgical procedure:

  • Keep away from journey or any exercise that includes a danger of getting damage or injuring others
  • Be sure that somebody stays with the affected person always in case of an emergency
  • Keep away from consuming alcohol
  • Keep away from taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicine, or NSAIDs, such-as ibuprofen
  • Keep away from pointless publicity to infections, such-as coughing or sneezing into your fingers
  • Keep away from sharing utensils, towels, bedding, or clothes with others.

Key Takeaway

HIPEC is a process the place cancerous cells are killed by heating the peritoneum and injecting cancer-killing medicine straight into the stomach cavity. This superior approach can kill most cancers cells, forestall them from rising again, and alleviate many signs. The peritoneum is saved open with a heated probe, adopted by a heated fluid used to cleanse the stomach cavity of any most cancers cells after which sealed with a heated probe.